A Website About 

Dizziness, Imbalance, Falls, Hearing Loss,

& Continuing Education Courses

 Academic Information on the Following Topics

Sponsored by:   Jordan Hearing and Balance, LLC  South Jordan Utah 

Lynn S. Alvord PhD



       Additional Information Hearing Disorders Childhood


Risk Factors

     It must be pointed out that only about of half of infants or toddlers having congenital hearing loss have any identifiable risk factors.  Nevertheless, following are some of the risk factors for hearing loss.   

1) Caregiver has concern about possible hearing, speech, language, or developmental delay. 

2) Family history of permanent hearing loss in childhood. 

 3) Baby was in intensive care for more than 5 days.  If the infant had any of the following, then any time spent in the NICU is cause for concern: on ventilator, ECMO, gentamycin, tobramycin or loop diuretics (furosemide/Lasix), hyperbilirubinemia requiring exchange transfusion. 

4) Infections in utero (such as herpes, CMV, herpes, syphilis, rubella, toxoplasmosis).

5) Craniofacial anomalies including those of the outer ear or canal or other temporal bone abnormalities.

 6) Physical findings associated with a syndrome that is known to have hearing loss (such as white forelock).

7) Has syndrome associated with hearing loss (some include Alport, Waadenburg, Jervell, Lange Nielson, neurofibromatosis, osteopetrosis)

8) Neurodegenerative (such as Hunter syndrome) or sensory motor neuropathies (such as Friedreich ataxia, Charcot-Marie-Tooth, etc.)

9) Post natal infections that are associated with sensorineural hearing loss (meningitis, herpes and varicella).

 10) Head trauma

 11) Chemotherapy 

 It is the goal to have hearing loss confirmed at no later than 3 months of age.  Research increasingly indicates that a much better outcome is expected of the child having hearing loss if identification and intervention occur at age 6 months or less.